Juveniles in Oceanside have many rights and for those who are being detained, they’re typically held in one of two juvenile detention centers in San Diego County. Both facilities are operated around the clock and both are considered maximum security. One facility houses male juveniles and the other houses female juveniles. A lot happens before a minor arrives at either facility and for families who are unsure of what’s next, it’s important to arm themselves with information that can help them make the best choices as they move through this system.
Naturally, juveniles are afforded the same rights as adults. Their constitutional rights include those elements that are mentioned intheir Miranda Rights: the right to remain silent, the right against self-incrimination, the right to legal counsel, the right to confrontation and the right of a presumption of innocence. Of course, it’s far more complicated once a juvenile enters the system, but each protection is designed to ensure a somewhat fair playing field for those charged with crimes.
There are a couple of important elements that are unique to the juvenile system:
There is no constitutional right to a jury trial for juveniles. Typically, the judge overseeing the case will order fact-finding decisions that will be used to help determine guilt or innocence of a juvenile as well as which avenue will best suit the needs so that the juvenile has a chance once this is behind them.
Another element is the absence of the right to bail. The constitution doesn’t provide for this part of the process. The judge will make this decision and often, depending on the charges, that may include being released to the parents or guardian of the minor.
Remember, Oceanside juveniles who are charged with crimes can be housed in either of the two San Diego County probation facilities until their court date. The ages of these kids can be anywhere from 10 to 19. Some are charged with petty theft crimes; however, there are times when juveniles who are charged with more serious crimes, such as murder, are housed in these facilities. The typical stay is less than a month, but there are no hardline laws or specifications on time limits.
The first, best advice parents and/or the juvenile will receive is to seek legal guidance. An experienced juvenile court lawyer will be able to provide important guidance while helping the family avoid pitfalls that are part of the system and that may not be beneficial for the minor. Clearly, there are important distinctions between the juvenile and adult systems. The less informed one is, the greater the odds of facing dynamics that could have been avoided. Too often, many juveniles have no one looking out for them before they commit crimes, so it’s important that someone is looking out for his or her interests. Legal representation is the one surefire way of protecting a juvenile, their rights and their ability to make decisions that will best protect them as they move from juvenile to adult. Speak to our juvenile court lawyers today.